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"White Supremacy" Durham County Democratic Souvenir Badge, 1898; 6.25 x
NCC Accession No.: WL.3.324
Industrialist and philanthropist Julian Shakespeare Carr of Chapel Hill and Durham manufactured
tobacco products, including those under the "Bull Durham" trademark.
By 1884, Carr and his partner, William T. Blackwell, had built the largest
smoking-tobacco factory in the world in Durham. Carr also owned several
hosiery mills. Durham Hosiery Mills was once the world’s largest
hosiery mill and the only mill in the country staffed entirely by African
Americans. Two of these mills were located in Carrboro. In fact, the town
of Carrboro was named in Carr's honor after he agreed to share electricity
from his mills with local residents. He was an enthusiastic supporter
of education, and also provided funds to have Trinity College relocated
to Durham (now Duke University). Carr was a delegate to many Democratic
conventions, and his picture appears here in a souvenir badge from 1898.
"North Carolina Redeemed" refers to the effort by Democrats
to break the Republican-Populist coalition primarily made up of white
and African American farmers. In 1900 Carr made an unsuccessful bid for
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